Firms such as Uber, Doordash say their workers enjoy the gig economy’s flexibility; labour groups fear creating an underclass.
Facing growing threat by a new United States administration insistent on reclassifying ride-hail and food delivery workers as employees with full benefits, gig economy companies including Uber, Lyft, Doordash and Instacart are pushing to maintain their drivers’ independent contractor status, albeit with additional benefits.
The companies, whose business models rely on low-cost flexible labour, argue that surveys show the majority of their workers do not want to be employees, saying a new generation of workers wants to choose when and how much to work.
They hope to convince US officials and lawmakers to drop attempts to reclassify gig workers as employees, efforts that have gained urgency with the election of US President Joe Biden, who campaigned on the promise of delivering benefits to gig workers.
US Secretary of Labor Marty Walsh on Thursday intensified the debate, telling the Reuters news agency in an interview that “a lot of gig workers should be classified as employees”
Shares in Uber Technologies Inc, Lyft Inc and DoorDash Inc fell as much as 12 percent on Thursday following Walsh’s comments. Turning gig workers into employees would jeopardise the companies’ business models, which rely on millions of largely part-time workers who do not receive any benefits, such as unemployment or sick pay.
‘Independence and flexibility’
Less than two weeks after Biden was declared the winner of the 2020 presidential election, Uber, Lyft, DoorDash, Instacart and Postmates banded together to form the App-Based Work Alliance, a Washington-based advocacy group.
In response to Walsh’s remarks, the Alliance said in a statement on Thursday that it looked forward to coming together with the secretary to have “much-needed discussions about advancing modern policies that protect worker independence and flexibility, while strengthening benefits and protections.”
The group says its goal is to achieve changes in US labour law that allow workers to maintain flexibility while also receiving more modest benefits than required for employees, including minimum pay standards, healthcare subsidies and accident insurance.
Uber sent a letter to the Biden transition team in December and one to all members of Congress in February, calling on them to support what the company calls its “third-way” proposal.
Labour groups say that proposal would create a new underclass of workers with fewer rights and protections.
Gig Workers Rising, a group of workers that advocates for greater benefits, on Thursday called on regulators to step in and protect working people.
The gig economy companies scored a decisive win in California in November, when voters in the Democratic-leaning state supported a company-sponsored ballot measure that cemented gig workers’ status as independent contractors, overwriting a state law that would have made them employees.
Gig workers in the state now have access to limited benefits, including healthcare subsidies, accident insurance and minimum pay while passengers are in their car.
Those benefits are significantly less costly than employee benefits. Turning California’s ride-hail drivers into employees would have left Uber and Lyft each with more than $392m in annual payroll taxes and workers’ compensation costs alone, a Reuters calculation showed.
But absent from the proposals companies have put forward so far is the provision of unemployment pay, one of the most costly employer benefits.
The lack of gig workers’ access to unemployment coverage was thrown in the spotlight during the coronavirus pandemic, when an act of Congress saw taxpayers foot the unemployment bill for such workers.