Financial markets avoided collapse last year when the coronavirus first cut a deadly path across the globe, largely because the U.S. and other developed nations rolled out trillions of dollars’ worth of pandemic stimulus.
But as COVID-19 vaccines roll out, albeit with fits and starts in the U.S., financial markets could risk running on a “sugar high,” according to Putnam Investments, a global money manager with $192 billion in assets under management.
From Putnam’s standpoint, a key risk in 2021 is a further “melt up” in risk assets. “It would be driven in part by the very same policy stimulus that has helped protect the global economy from collapse,” Putnam’s Jason Vaillancourt, co-head of global asset allocation, wrote in a co-authored first-quarter outlook distributed Monday. “Nobody rings a bell at the top.”
The S&P 500 index
and technology-heavy Nasdaq Composite Index
closed out Monday at record highs, even as the Dow Jones Industrial Average
extended its losing streak to a third straight session.
After the closing bell, Janet Yellen was confirmed as the first female U.S. Treasury secretary in history, roughly a week after she urged lawmakers to “act big” now to save the economy and worry about the debt later.
Yellen, formerly a Federal Reserve chair during the recovery phase of the global financial crisis, has been a well-known voice on Capitol Hill. That could be helpful in drawing support from both sides of the political aisle as President Joe Biden fights for an additional $1.9 trillion pandemic fiscal spending package and his coming infrastructure bill.
The call for additional aid for U.S. households, businesses and cities hard-hit by the pandemic comes as investors around the globe continue to hunt for any additional upside that might be squeezed out of financial markets, following more than a decade of low rates and easy-money policies and a growing U.S. budget deficit.
Still, Vaillancourt’s team at Putnam sees how U.S. stocks “could potentially rip higher,” even though there already are showing “strong parallels with those heady dot-com days” that bear watching, including multibillion-dollar valuations for companies with “little to show for revenue,” insiders selling equity and the rise of special-purpose acquisition companies, or SPACS, that have raised large sums through initial public offerings.
Why? “Two key lessons of the tech bubble were that some of the best price gains come late in the game, and that financial asset froth can persist longer than you expect,” Vaillancourt wrote.
There is also the need for investors to earn a return.
“In a world starved for nominal yield, large and growing pockets of savings still need to find a home,” the team wrote. “Capital will gravitate toward any asset that provides income.”
While not currently at all-time highs, there still was more than a quarter of the world’s debt at negative yields at year-end.