Petco Health and Wellness Co.
began trading on Thursday, with shares quickly soaring, and closing up more than 63%.
The first trade at 12:13 p.m. ET was at $26 after shares priced at $18.
IPOs have skyrocketed over the past year despite the COVID-19 pandemic. The Renaissance IPO ETF
has more than doubled over the past year, up 112.4% in the last 12 months, while the benchmark S&P 500 index
has gained 16.2%.
Petco’s Chief Executive Ron Coughlin says its business has rallied, in part, because of the pandemic.
“People are home for COVID, they’re a little depressed, and they want that bundle of joy,” he told MarketWatch shortly after the company’s stock began trading.
Coughlin has been chief executive since June 2018, joining from HP Inc.’s
personal systems business.
In a CEO letter published with the company’s prospectus,
Coughlin cites data from consumer market research firm Packaged Facts, which
expects the number of households with pets to increase 4% in 2020, creating $4
billion in incremental annual demand.
Packaged Facts says 56% of U.S. households keep pets, with dogs in 40% of households. Dog ownership rates have risen “exponentially” over the last decade.
U.S. households added more than 3.3 million pets in 2020, according to data provided by Petco.
The U.S. pet care industry serves 72 million households and
had a total addressable market (TAM) of $97 billion in 2020, according to the
Petco prospectus. Since 2008, the industry has had a compound annual growth
rate (CAGR) of 5%.
“It had proven resilient in the Great Recession,” Coughlin said,
referring to the pet care industry. “Cutting back on pets is one of the last
things people will do.”
And, Coughlin said, millennials are even more hesitant to
cut back on items and services for their pets.
Founded in 1965 and based in San Diego, Petco aims to offer
everything a “pet parent” would need in one place, from vet services to
grooming to food and toys. Petco’s prospectus cites data showing that half of
pet owners prefer a “one-stop experience.”
Moreover, Petco engages in pet advocacy, for instance, removing shock collars in October 2020 and pressing for training that emphasizes rewards for good behavior.
Petco’s fiscal year 2019 sales totaled $4.43 billion, up
from $4.39 billion in 2018.
Fiscal 2020 third-quarter revenue totaled $3.58 billion, up from $3.29 billion for the same period the previous year.
Petco does not plan to pay a dividend for the foreseeable future. And will use a portion of the proceeds from the IPO to pay interest accrued on floating rate senior notes that mature on Jan. 26, 2024 and had a weighted average interest rate of 9.1% as of Oct. 31, 2020.
One of the risk factors Petco highlights in its prospectus is its “substantial indebtedness,” which totaled $3.30 billion as of Oct. 31, 2020.
Another is the competition, particularly from “internet-based” competitors.
And Walmart Inc.
has also recently announced beefed up pet offerings, including dog-walking services.
In pet food, General Mills Inc.
talked about the strength of that category in its most recent earnings.
Petco also emphasizes the $300 million investment in e-commerce and digital capabilities that have helped it to compete, including the introduction of same-day delivery and in-store and curbside pickup, which have made bricks-and-mortar locations even more valuable.
“Stores used to be albatrosses,” Coughlin told MarketWatch. “Now there are “structural advantages based on leveraging pet care centers.”